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The People of the Reformation 1Pre-Reformers:

John Wycliffe (1324-1384) Professor of Oxford University, Pastor and Bible Translator.

John Hus (1369-1415) Rector of Prague University, Pastor of Bethlehem Chapel. Martyred.

Jerome Savonarola (1452-1498) Dominican Monk and Reformer of Florence. Martyred.



The People of the Reformation 2Martin Luther (1483-1546) Augustinian Monk, Professor of Wittenberg University, Reformer and Bible Translator.

Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) Parish Priest, Bible Translator and Reformer of Zürich. Killed in battle.

William Tyndale (1494-1536) Oxford graduate, Tutor and Bible Translator. Martyred.

William Farel (1489-1565) Evangelist and Debater who won whole cities to Christ.

John Calvin (1509-1564) Brilliant Scholar, Author, Pastor and Reformer of Geneva.

John Knox (1514-1572) Pastor and Reformer of Scotland.

Pierre Viret (1511-1571) French Pastor and Evangelist.

Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560) Professor of Greek and Hebrew at the University of Wittenberg. Author of The Augsburg Confession. Luther's successor.

Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) Archbishop of Canterbury, Author of The Book of Common Prayer. Martyred.

Heinrich Bullinger (1504-1575) Pastor, Prolific Author, and Reformer of Zürich. Zwingli's successor.

Theodore Beza (1519-1605) Professor of Greek and Rector of the Geneva Academy.  Calvin's successor.

Martin Bucer (1491-1551) Pastor and Reformer of Strasbourg. Calvin's mentor.

Gaspard de Coligny (1519-1572) Military hero and leader of the French Huguenots. Murdered.

Allies of the Reformers:

Prince Frederick III of Saxony (1463-1525) The Elector of Saxony who protected Luther.

George Spalatin (1484-1545) Chaplain and secretary to Prince Frederick.

Prince John of Saxony (1468-1532) Dedicated Lutheran, co-founder of Schalkaldic League against Charles V.


The People of the Reformation 3Enemies of the Reformation:

Johann Tetzel (1465-1519) Dominican friar and papal indulgence salesman who provoked Luther's protest.

Johann Maier Eck (1484-1543) Professor of Theology at Ingolstadt University who debated Luther.

Leo X (1513-1521) Pope

Adrian VI (1522-1523) Pope

Clement VII (1523-1534) Pope

Paul III (1534-1549) Pope

Julius III (1550-1555) Pope

Marcellus (1555) Pope

Paul IV (1555-1559) Pope

Pius IV (1559-1565) Pope

Pius V (1566-1572) Pope

Gregory XIII (1572-1585) Pope

Sixtus V (1585-1590) PopeGCR 3D2

Charles V (1519-1558) Holy Roman Emperor

Fancis I (1515-1547) King of France

Henry II (1547-1559) King of France

Charles IX (1560-1574) King of France

Henry III (1574-1589) King of France

Mary I (Mary Tudor) (1553-1558) Queen of England

Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1567) Mary Stuart – Queen of Scotland

This article is taken from a chapter  The Greatest Century of Reformation book, by Dr. Peter Hammond  (288 pages, over 200 historic pictures and maps, 20 chapters and 16 appendices) from Christian Liberty Books, PO Box 358, Howard Place 7450, Cape Town, South Africa, Fax: 086-551-7490, Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  and Website: www.christianlibertybooks.co.za.


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