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150 Events, People and Publications that Changed History


4 BCIncarnation
30 ADCrucifixion, Resurrection & Pentecost
46 Pauls Missionary Journeys
64The fire in Rome, Nero launches persecution of Christians
70Titus destroys Jerusalem
150 Justin Martyr writes his Apology
155The martyrdom of Polycarp
177Irenaeus writes Against Heresies
196Tertullian begins to write Christian books
205Origen begins writing ministry
250Empire-wide persecution
251Cyprian writes On the Unity of the Church
303Great persecution
312The conversion of the Roman Emperor Constantine
313Edict of Milan grants religious toleration for Christians
325The Council of Nicea
342Ulphilas mission to the Goths
367Athanasius letter recognises the New Testament Canon
385Bishop Ambrose defies the Emperor
386Conversion of Augustine
398John Chrysostom becomes Bishop of Constantinople
405Jerome completes the Vulgate translation of the Bible into Latin
410Rome sacked
432Patrick begins mission to evangelise Ireland
451The Council of Chalcedon
493King Clovis of the Franks becomes the first Barbarian ruler to be baptised
563Columba goes as a missionary to Scotland
589The Visigoths in Spain are converted to Christianity
716Boniface sets out as a missionary to the Germans
732The Battle of Tours in France:Charles Martel the Hammer stops Islamic advance
800Charlemagne crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
863Cyril and Methodius evangelise Slavs
900King Alfred the Great lays foundation for the Common Law
966Polish people converted to Christianity
988Conversion of Vladimir, Prince of Russia
995 Olaf I conquers Norway and commands all its people to convert to Christianity or die
1054The East-West Schism
1095The First Crusade launched
1099Crusaders liberate Jerusalem from the Turks
1115Bernard founds the Monastery at Clairvaux
1147Lisbon liberated from the Muslims
1150Universities of Paris and Oxford founded
1170Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket is murdered
1173Peter Waldo launches the Waldensian Movement
1206Francis of Assisi renounces wealth and begins his ministry
1215The Magna Carta the first statute written restriction on the powers of government
1231Pope Gregory IX institutes the papal Inquisition
1273Thomas Aquinas completes work on Summa Theologica
1291Switzerland is founded
1347The Plague breaks out decimating Europe
1377The Great Papal Schism begins
1380Wycliffe oversees English Bible translation
1415John Hus burned at the stake at the Council of Constance
1431Joan of Arc burned at the stake
1453The Fall of Constantinople to the Muslims
1456Johann Gutenberg produces the first printed book a Bible
1478Establishment of the Spanish Inquisition
1492The liberation of Spain from Islamic occupation completed
1492Columbus discovers America
1498Savonarola burned at the stake in Florence
1517Martin Luther posts his Ninety-Five Theses in Wittenberg
1518Ulrich Zwingli leads the Swiss Reformation
1525Anabaptist movement begins
1529Ottoman Turks besiege Vienna
1534Henry VIIIs Act of Supremacy, and the Church of England breaks with Rome
1536John Calvin publishes The Institutes of the Christian Religion
1536William Tyndale is burned at the stake
1540The Pope approves the Jesuits
1545Opening of the Council of Trent - Counter-Reformation launched
1549Xaviers mission to Japan
1550Cranmer produces The Book of Common Prayer
1553Mary I (Bloody Mary) becomes Queen of England and burns hundreds of prominent Protestants at the stake
1555Peace of Augsburg forces Emperor Charles V to tolerate freedom of religion for Lutherans in Germany
1559John Knox returns to Scotland to lead the Reformation
1563Foxes Book of Martyrs published
1571The Battle of Lepanto destroys the Turkish fleet
1572Saint Bartholomews Day Massacre
1582Riccis mission to China
1588Spanish Armada defeated by the English Navy
1598Edict of Nantes grants French Protestants religious liberty
1608John Smyth baptizes the first Baptists
1611Publication of the King James Version of the Bible
1618Thirty Years War between Catholics and Protestants begins
1620Pilgrims sign the Mayflower Compact
1628Comenius driven from his homeland
1631King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden saves German Protestants from annihilation
1642The English Civil War
1646The Westminster Confession of Faith
1647Peace of Westphalia end the Thirty Years War
1666The Great Fire destroys most of London
1678John Bunyans The Pilgrims Progress published
1685Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes and exiles many thousands of French Huguenots
1685The births of Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frederic Handel
1707Publication of Isaac Watts Hymns and Spiritual Songs
1727Awakening at Herrenhut launches Moravian Brethren
1735Great Awakening begins under Jonathan Edwards
1738John Wesleys conversion
1739George Whitefield starts open air preaching and spreads the Great Awakening
1742HandelsMessiah first presented
1776The Continental Congress adopts the Declaration on Independence
1780Robert Raikes begins Sunday Schools
1792William Carey writes An Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathen
1793William Carey sails for India and launches the modern missionary movement
1807 The slave trade is abolished by the British Parliament
1812Americas first foreign missionaries, Adoniram and Ann Judson, sail for Burma
1817Elizabeth Fry begins ministry to women in prison
1829Suttee (widow burning) outlawed in India
1830Charles G. Finneys urban revivals begin
1830John Nelson Darby helps start Plymouth Brethren
1840David Livingstone sails for Africa
1854Hudson Taylor arrives in China
1854Charles Haddon Spurgeon becomes pastor in London
1855Dwight L. Moodys conversion
1857David Livingstone publishes Missionary Travels
1861United States and Confederate War Between the States
1865William Booth founds the Salvation Army
1870Pope Pius IX proclaims the doctrine of Papal Infallibility
1866Student Volunteer Movement beings
1906Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism
1910Publicaiton of The Fundamentals launches Fundamentalist Movement
1914-1918First World War
1919Karl Barths Commentary on Romans is published
1920First Christian radio broadcast
1931C.S. Lewis converted
1934Cameron Townsend begins Wycliffe Bible Translators
1939-1945Second World War
1948World Council of Churches is formed
1949Billy Grahams Los Angeles Crusade
1950s-80sBible smuggling into Communist Block
1960Beginnings of the Modern Charismatic Renewal
1962Second Vatican Council forms
1960sAlexander Solzenitzen, Richard Wurmbrand, Francis Schaefer and R.J. Rushdoonys writings; Dr James Kennedy launches Evangelism Explosion.
1970sChinese Church grows despite Cultural Revolution
1980sChristian Reconstruction, Moral Majority, The Pro-life movement & resurgence of Christian schools and home schooling
1989Fall of the Berlin Wall
1990sDesk Top Publishing and the Internet, Revival amidst persecution in Sudan
1994Holocaust in Rwanda
2001Islamic terror attack on the World Trade Center and the start of Americas War Against Terror

Compiled by Dr Peter Hammond

The Reformation Society
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